Saturday, May 23, 2020

Corporate Network Management - 1874 Words

Corporate Networks in organisations can be complex structures that â€Å"requires a great deal of attention† (Clemm 2007). Even small companies can have quite complex networks that are a considerable investment to the business. The notion that corporate network management is a cost to a business rather than a continual beneficial investment is a naive assumption that requires further investigation to the benefits that network management brings. Clemm (Clemm 2007) states in his text that the ultimate goal of network management â€Å"is to reduce and minimize total cost of ownership†, improving operational efficiency and lowering cost. Clemm (Clemm 2007) also notes that â€Å"Network Management is not just related to cost and quality†, which will be an†¦show more content†¦The severity of how badly the rules are broken can vary, but for the company the outcome does not, if the employee or in other terms, â€Å"uninformed troublemakers† are given acc ess to bend rules beyond what the company believes is the standard, I.T employees need to discover this problem and issue a solution as readily as possible (Sullivan 2001). Insider security threats are usually the greatest source of security problems. Outsiders amount to between only 1 to 6 per cent of concerns. Many types of insider security threats do create substantial risks for organizations (Melford 1993). Network management can help manage internal issues but network management cannot act in a smart manner to solve problems without external operations from network staff. Within recent weeks, the Heartbleed SSL vulnerability bug has posed major significant concerns for organisations as user’s the security flaw can potentially let a hacker access memory of data servers (Nieva 2014). The hacker then could retrieve the digital certificates that are used to encrypt communications and gain access into a organisations internal data (Nieva 2014). Nieva (Nieva 2014) states the security vulnerability will allow â€Å"sensitive personal data such as usernames, passwords and credit card information† are at risk of being intercepted. Potential security threats like the HeartBleed SSL pose huge risks to organisations must be dealt quickly and swiftly to ensure the business andShow MoreRelatedCorporate Network Management: Cost or Benefit1997 Words   |  8 Pages Corporate Network Management – cost or benefit Network management includes the exploitation, incorporation and coordination of the hardware, software, and human fundamentals to monitor, test, poll, configure, analyse, evaluate, and control the network and element resources to meet the real-time, operational, performance, and Quality of Service requirements at a reasonable cost. A network is a set of hardware devices connected together, either physically or logically to allow them to exchange informationRead Morewhite paper template 1947 Words   |  4 Pagesexponential company growth is the increased network traffic that has overwhelmed the current telecommunication infrastructure. 2. Abstract / Business Case The purpose of this paper is to provide UMUCs executives an overview of a proposed network solution to replace the current telecommunications network. The overview will outline how using advanced technologies for high availability, efficiency, and security management, such as virtual private network (VPN) technologies, will give us the abilityRead MoreNetworking : The Future Of Networking Essay1364 Words   |  6 Pagescost-effective networks will decrease the overall cost of networking and boost bandwidth. Some of the key factors that will continue to drive networking in the years to come include; data, the internet, telecommuting and e-commerce. The increase in online access is going to increase access to information and online services. For this reason, various organizations will be forced to integrate their current disjointed networks into a single formidable, multi-service network. This type of network will enhanceRead More Autobiography Essay996 Words   |  4 PagesFort Hood , TX. During these times I started going to college part-time at Central Texas College and Tarleton State University. In August of 2000, I took a contract position with a new company called Verizon Wireless. I worked as a Network Analyst in their Network Operations Center (NOC) in Southlake, Texas. After 5 months I was hired permanently as a Technician in the NOC. During my time in the NOC, I worked through many hurricanes, floods, and other natural disasters, and even tracked down aRead MoreNetwork Management And Technical Support2197 Words   |  9 Pages1415606 deadline 16th May Network management and technical support Module code : 08I Introduction The assignment to present a review of current approaches to the network management and recommend, The most suitable approach to implement the network management system for automotive performance Limited company. Automotive performance limited is a newly established company specializing in car parts products. The headquarters of the company are located in Birmingham, with sales offices in ColchesterRead MoreComprehensive Aap7481 Words   |  30 PagesYork. WWTC encompasses a staff of 9,000 trained employees scattered across the globe. The World-Wide Trading Company’s corporate headquarters will remain in Hong Kong, while The New York office will be used as an international extension. This office will house approximately 200 staff members. The newly hired IT team will provide the New York office with a state of the art network design. The initiative will focus on the reinforcement of reported security vulnerabilities at other WWTC locations.Read MoreComputer Network Administrator1763 Words   |  8 PagesCOMPUTER NETWORK ADMINISTRATOR A computer network (the network) is the connection of at least two or more computers for the purpose of sharing data and resources. These resources can include printers, Internet access, file sharing, and electronic mail (e-mail). In today s technological environment, most companies and businesses have some kind of network used on a daily basis. Thus, it is imperative to day-to-day operations that networks run smoothly. Companies employ at least one personRead MoreSpark New Zealand ( Telecom )3177 Words   |  13 Pagesadditional for every GB over their data cap, or have their speed throttled once again to 128 kb/s at no charge once they surpass the top. Unlimited plans have no data caps, however a client s download and upload speeds may be throttled amid times of network congestion. Privacy: Telecom utilize data to measure the quantity of guests to diverse parts of the site and for various distinctive purposes associated with the procurement of telecom administrations, for instance, to measure the adequacy of publicizingRead MoreTeam B NETW 600 Course Final Project Paper9539 Words   |  39 PagesInfrastructure Costs 7 h) Call-Volume Efficiency 7 IV. Requirements Definition 7 a) Project Goals and Objectives 7 b) Project Assumptions 8 1. Current Configuration of Network 8 2. Data Volumes, Measurements, and Details 9 c) Existing Customer Equipment 10 d) Identification of Business Issues and Requirements 11 e) Budget Requirement 11 V. Network Design 12 a) Approaches 12 1. Alternative 1 12 2. Alternative 2 18 b) Comparison of Alternatives 20 1. Cost Differences 20 2. Workflow Differences 21 3. ReliabilityRead MoreFactors Affecting Effective Inventory Control10606 Words   |  43 Pageshas remain incomplete; I would like to extend my special regards to the ministry of financemy sponsor for granting sponsorship for my studies and reseach,The management of post cooperation(personal admistrative officer) Mbeya which gave me the opportunity to carry out field attachment for a period of at least four months in the Management Information System Department. Also wish to express my sincere gratitude to my supervisor Mr.Titus, Tossy of IAA who assisted me in all necessary guidance and

Monday, May 11, 2020

President Washington And The United States - 1390 Words

President Washington was seated at his desk in the oval office turned and looking out the window thinking about how quickly events were moving and how much control did he really have over them. He had his concerns about the military and if they really needed civilian leadership at this time or was he in the way? Or was he being paranoid? He had a sizeable military force heading his way from Pennsylvania which might be able to topple the current government. His own military was sizing up the situation, he really became aware of a change in the situation he saw several tanks moving down Pennsylvania Blvd towards the White House. Then took up positions around it, guarding it, was it to protect him or were they his jailer. President†¦show more content†¦General Wallace, because the President was present, would present his own briefing, not some underling. General Wallace launched into his briefing with an updated version of what military units were available nationwide, the nation being as it is at the time. He covered the status of each unit, for all services, and what if any operations they were involved in. It was amazing to President Washington that in a matter of weeks, that what looked like a very dim picture when they were looking at Washington D.C. and the military surrounding it, in Virginia and Maryland. Now with the West Coast coming online things had exploded, followed by Fort Bragg. Even with his misgivings right now things did look brighter. General Wallace’s briefing lasted an hour, at the end he asked for questions, immediately General Clayton raised his hand. â€Å"Yes General.† Said General Wallace. â€Å"I’m curious, who ordered the armor to the White House? Why are they there? And why were the tank crews removed and replaced with infantry?† General Clayton was on the verge of silent insubordination. General Wallace glared at General Clayton, â€Å"I’m afraid that’s need to know Gener al and you have no need to know.† President Washington quickly raised his hand, â€Å"General Wallace please answer General Claytons question.† â€Å"I’m sorry Mister President I can’t do that.† GeneralShow MoreRelatedPresident Washington And The United States853 Words   |  4 PagesPresident Washington 1. President Washington writes this address in 1796 after he decided to retire his position and before the period of the United States presidential election. â€Å"The period for a new election of a citizen to administer the executive government of the United States being not far distant.† This address is important because he tries to give Americans some advices about their welfares and warn them about the conflicts transections and foreign nations. 2. The main points in the documentRead MoreGeorge Washington And The President Of The United States2323 Words   |  10 PagesSince the start of the United States, there have been politics. Starting with those in charge of the new colonies, leaders of battles for land all the way to the leaders of the revolution, politics have played a role in American life. Once the revolution occurred and it was determined that George Washington would be the nation’s first president, a new track for politics was formed. It was from this line of presidents and official democratic government that political parties, ways of voting, and theRead MoreGeorge Washington : The First President Of The United States1415 Words   |  6 PagesGeorge Washington, the First President of the United States, one of the most famous people in his time and in our time, was not always the President of the United States of America. He had an interesting life as Commander in Chief of the Colonial Army, a General in the Colonial Army, a father, and a husband from when he was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia on February 22, 1732, until he died on December 14th, 1799 at Mount Vernon where he had lived two years after he left the presidency. MostRead MoreGeorge Washington s President Of The United States961 Words   |  4 PagesGeneral George Washington, first president of the United States, was instrumental in establishing the procedures to govern an independent nation. The basic premise of Washington’s Farewell Address was to announce his decision to retire. Aside from defending his administration’s record, his message also encouraged and instructed future leaders to follow the principles necessary to successfully govern America as a unified, free nation in regards to domestic and foreign affairs. First and foremostRead MoreGeorge Washington s President Of The United States2433 Words   |  10 PagesIn 1789, George Washington became the first elected President of the United States. President George Washington stayed in office for two terms (eight years), after which he decided to â€Å"step-down† or not to run again. His friends tried to convince him to run again, but he already had his mind made up. His successor John Adams continued to follow in George Washington’s footsteps and only served two terms. This started a tradition where Presidents generally only serve as Chief of State, Chief ExecutiveRead MoreGeorge Washington s President Of The United States Essay1793 Words   |  8 Pagesthroughout its rich history. What is a president, is it not just another word for leader? George Washington was a military leader during the american revolution and later became the first president of the United States of America. He was a magnificent president and he set the bar for what the president should be like. Throughout history we have had many presidents some good some not so much. This upcoming election will decide our forty fifth president of the United States, and may be the single most importantRead MoreAnalysis Of George Washington s President Of The United States Essay2113 Words   |  9 PagesWhen George Washington was elected President in 1789 by members of the fledgling United States of America, he was setting into motion a tradition that has stood the test of over 225 years - the presidential election. Even as the United States has seen dozens of wars, made hundreds of scientific advances, and selected thousands of politicians to seats everywhere from small town councils to Congress, the principles of the election have remained the same; the people band together to determine who willRead MoreGeorge Washington was the first President of the United States. He was elected on April 30, 1789500 Words   |  2 PagesGeorge Washington was the first President of the United States. He was elected on April 30, 1789 Washington had the respect of everyone. Washington had many intriguing qualities. An example would be his quality of concern for his men. Throughout the Revolutionary War, Washington lost many of the battles, but he chose to lose them, rather than to win and risk all of his men’s lives. He made tactical retreats to save his men. George Washington, our first President, won over the hearts and earned theRead MoreCharacteristics Of George Washington1238 Words   |  5 PagesGeorge Washington was the first President of the United States and was the only one in history to ever be elected unanimously. Although he went in without notion of how the presidency was going to work in the new republic, he still served two terms without any opposition. This goes to show how truly intelligent and successful George Washington was as President. His personality, policies, and ideas greatly inspired the prosperity and evolution of the government, foreign policy, economic policy inRead MoreThe First Five Presidents Of The United States1233 Words   |  5 Pagesfirst five presidents for the United States impacted the United States greatly and their names were George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe. The president I think that impacted the U.S the most was George Washington who was in office for eight years (1789-1797). George Washington who was the commander in chief and led the army in the Revolutionary War and gained freedom from Great Britain at that time there was thirteen colonies in the United States. In 1783

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Observations of Child Development Free Essays

string(65) " world extends their nascent theories as to how the world works\." This paper will discuss a child that was observed on a number of occasions in their family setting at home. It will explore the student social worker’s understanding of child development linking theory and reality.. We will write a custom essay sample on Observations of Child Development or any similar topic only for you Order Now A critical account based on six observations sessions of the child development on†¦.. Drawing on what has been seen and student knowledge on appropriate milestones, literature research and social work theory. The student will reflect on their role as an observer and what has been learnt during the process of observation and it’s relevance to social work Different areas of development are inter-related. The ideas, language, communication, feelings, relationships and other cultural elements among which each child is brought up influence his or her development profoundly. (Carolyn Megabit and Gerald Cumberland) (2000) Child Development : An illustrated guide. Henchman. The skills of observation are important and the importance of tone of voice and body language, particularly when the words spoken might be saying something completely different. Sometimes observing teaches you things that you can’t be told and sometimes we are tuned to listen instead of look. A part of the process of becoming a social worker is observation. Observation is the power to see what isn’t obvious. Observation is seeing and hearing, and also seeing what’s missing, picking up on what is omitted, analytically processing whilst doing the observation. It’s important we understand observation is a powerful tool in our assessment and intervention. Observing is an essential skill for everyone working with children. ( Carolyn Megabit and Gerald Cumberland) (2000). Observation helps social workers and students to reflect upon situations before intervening (Pat El Richer and Karee Tanner) Using observational methods are helpful in describing individual’s behavior as they interact in real time; and allow the reader to create a verbal picture of the behaviors as they unfold. This is important when social workers are working with children and families in their home (Pipelining, 1996:1), and there is a growing recognition in social work literature around observation in practice (Richer Tanner, 1998:17). On my first observation I was not nervous but did feel intrusive about entering the Morris’s home, I had meet them a few days before and they were very welcoming which eased some of the anxieties I had. I know that as a qualified social worker on some occasions (e. G. Hill protection) I will be meeting the family for the first time when conducting a home visit and they might not be welcoming. Taking the role of observer is what I was most apprehensive about, I was unsure of what to expect on†¦ Cognitive and language development Cognitive or intellectual development is development of the mind- the part of the brain that that is used for recognizing, reasoning, knowing and understanding. Language development is development of communication skills : Receptive speech: what a person understands Expressive speech- the words the persons produces Articulation- the person’s actual pronunciations of words ETC can build towers, can copy a building pattern of three or more cubes 3 years ; Remember and repeat songs and nursery rhymes ; Use personal pronouns and plurals correctly and give their own name and sex and sometimes age ; Carry on simple conversations, often missing link words such as the and is ; Learn to speak more than one language if they hear more than one language spoken around them as they grow ; Enjoys listening to and making music ; Can control their attention, choosing to stop an activity and return to it without much difficulty ; Counts by rote up to ten or more Enjoys playing on the floor with bricks, boxes, toy trains and dolls ;Joins in active make-believe play ; y with other children A Child Observation Assignment By Marie Tree Date Posted: December 1 5th This article was written by Marie Tree in 2010 as a record of her child observation assignment for her post-qualifying Specialist Social Work Award course at Portsmouth University. When submitting it article Marie wrote remarked that when completing this assignment she was taken â€Å"back to my early days in the sass’s when I did have what now seems the luxury of reflecting on my practice. † [pick] Marie Tree In childhood, everything was more vivid – the sun brighter, the smell of fields sharper, the thunder louder, the rain more abundant and the grass taller†. Constantine Passports The context for my observation was a local authority Children’s Centre which provides Offset registered care for babies and children between O months and 5 years. The Children’s Centre has been classed as ‘Outstanding’ by Offset since June 2006 and has been working with children with additional needs since the sass’s. The setting was a group of 12 children of mixed sexes, all of mixed abilities such as physical and learning difficulties. The group was well staffed (by women) with some children having one to one support. The setting is headed by a teacher and the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum guides the work, and the children learn through play. The observations were based upon the Atavistic model (Pick 1964) and my remit was to observe a child for lax hours and record my observations after the sessions. I also included my reflections, dilemmas and prejudices with my seminar group. The staff at the Children’s Centre were aware of my role, and the purpose of my observations. A oh year old little girl was selected and I shall call her Anna (pseudonym). I had no contact with Anna’s parents, although the Children’s Centre informed them of my remit and they gave their written consent. The first session took place after lunch and I placed myself at the back of the room, discreetly tucked into a corner hoping that my presence would not be noticed. How wrong I was! The room was filled with an array of spontaneous discoveries, books, toys, computers, sand, paint and dressing up clothes and the clutter of noise and emotions reminded me of my own home where I have three young children, where exploring the world extends their nascent theories as to how the world works. You read "Observations of Child Development" in category "Observation essays" Initially, I found it very difficult to sit and focus on Anna solely, as I was used to talking and making eye contact with children, and not being able to engage or speak was difficult. For the first session, I watched Anna intently and I had to clear my head of any Judgments of her which were purely based on bits of information I had picked up from staff. I had based assumptions of Anna’s background and life, which were purely speculative and ill informed. It was this reflection that helped me focus between fact and feeling and challenging myself on how the information I had been given about Anna had given considerable weight in owe I thought she might play and socialize with other children. I needed to separate these two contradictory parts (Goldstein, 1990). I watched Anna carefully glide from one activity to the next, first playing with the sand letting it quickly sift through her fingers and making shapes and marks with the palms of her hands. She slowly toddled off when a young boy, eager to play more adventurously nudged her out of the way. Watching Anna play, I did think of her goals and what she was trying to create through her thought and actions, and I did think of Piglet’s (1973) theory on children’s cognitive development. Again, I had to challenge my assumptions on stages of Piglet’s theory as they are not fixed and concrete in any child. On several occasions, children came up to me bringing toys, books and requests to go to the toilet, and at one point, a young child stood in front of me for what seemed like a very long time. I replied only briefly to the children and avoided eye contact when possible. My desire to become involved with the children was very strong, and it was difficult to refuse a simple request from a small child. However, remaining in a passive role allowed me to stand back and slow down and examine in detail the allegations with the child. (Bridge et al, 1996, p. 1 13). The method of sitting observing Anna was at times alien to me and having no prescriptive focus other than observe made me feel vulnerable. It felt like the anxieties that Seal (2003) identified in his work as ‘professionals giving up control and being open to what is emerging’. (Seal, 2003, p. 16). How I managed my feelings around observing Anna also reminded me of the work by Isabel Minimizes Lath (1989) who wrote about anxiety and how its experience, expression and sublimations are a major factor in determining personal ND institutional behavior. I often refer to the work of Isabel Minimizes Lath when I am faced with uncertainties, and it is my acknowledgment and containment of these feelings that will impact on the overall work that I do with children and their families. In the room with Anna, I had to contain my feelings around the observation. Anna continued throughout my observation to drift from one activity to the next. At one point, I observed her clasp the hand of a worker and pull her gently towards the book corner. The worker gently tapped the hand of Anna, letting her know she was aware of the request. At that moment, I thought of how unique and complex children are as they do not have the language to explain how they think and explore the world that surrounds them. By slowing down and observing them, we have the advantage and a willingness to speculate. Ending the hour observation was less problematic than I thought and I quietly put my coat on and said goodbye with a few children holding gaze with me as I left the room. In the next session with Anna, I felt more relaxed and in tune with what I was trying to do. It was much more comfortable not having to put any kind of theory into practice. I had the added luxury of not having paper and pens or an assessment to complete. It was a time to observe Anna and explore my own feelings. Anna made eye contact with me on a few occasions and I would not be convinced that she knew that I was watching her; however, that is purely my interpretation. In this session, Anna lay dozing on and off on a bean bag, and although she already had had a nap earlier, she seemed somewhat tired and lethargic that day. Beside Anna, on a separate beanbag, lay a child with cerebral palsy, and at that moment, I felt a gush of emotion run through me, and I was minded of my own child with learning and mobility problems. Two children, side by side, one able bodied and the other, confined to a soft cushion. Rusting (2004) identifies this problem well and suggests that recognizing feelings and working with this is very important in the work that we do. I am aware as a practitioner, that we risk professional dangerousness if our roles and boundaries are not clearly defined. Our relationships with clients need to be based on objectivity and self awareness. This allows us to step outside our emotional needs and to be sensitive to the needs of others. (HOMOS, 1988: Protecting Children). I believe for any effective intervention, the worker must remain quite distinct and separate, whole and intact. It was good to be able to discuss my feelings with my seminar group and it is Erikson (1950) who talks about basic trust as the first stage of the eight stages of man. I believe that talking about observations was now similar to that described by Wainscot (1965) as holding and Boon (1962) as containing, and what emerged from the seminar group was a secure base where thoughts and feelings could be openly discussed amongst ourselves, and it was the first time that as a seminar group, that we spoke freely and openly about experiences during observations. The remaining sessions observing Anna became enjoyable and watching her play was fascinating as her tiny hands grasped and touched the toys and objects around her. By observing her, I was to enter her world of self wonderment and capture moments by focusing solely on her. I am aware of the importance of endings and although I had clearly given my remit to the staff, I said goodbye to the children and thanked them for allowing me to sit in their class. I think that they were more interested in circle time and the nursery rhymes to notice my quiet departure from the room. Conclusion Observing Anna had brought back the sense of refocusing on the child and their world. Being able to discuss feelings within the seminar group helped to contain hidden ideologies and prejudices within myself. Humphreys (1988) puts this very well by describing ‘perspective transformation’ in which we can reflect and challenge our belief system, and through this, transformation occurs. Having no social work task to do was a luxury. To sit and observe was a chance to explore the children’s lack of power, vulnerability and dependence on adults. So much of social work time is spent n the speed of completing assessments, ticking boxes, and only the neediest of children receive a service. In my view, much is lost to the benefits of observing children. Too often, only a snapshot of a child is all that a social worker can grasp when working with children and much is lost by not having a space for reflective and analytical practice which gives the worker a platform to critically evaluate and challenge their work. How to cite Observations of Child Development, Essays

Thursday, April 30, 2020

What can happen to a fetus when a pregnant women d Essay Example For Students

What can happen to a fetus when a pregnant women d Essay FASrinks heavily during her pregnancy?It can lead to permanent, irreversible and incurable effects that will bring a lifetime of pain for both the child and the family. These permanent and unchangeable effects arise from a fetus attaining fetal alcohol syndrome from its mother. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a pattern of malformations and disabilities resulting from a pregnant woman drinking heavily during her pregnancy. FAS is unique in that effects on the children are directly linked to maternal drinking habits. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is currently the leading cause of mental retardation in the United States. A baby with FAS can suffer from mental retardation, central nervous dysfunction, organ dysfunction, facial abnormalities and many other effects. At least 5,000 to 10000 infants are born each year in America with FAS. There is a little less then a 50% chance that the new born child, whose mother drank heavily during pregnancy, will be born with FAS. Even if the child is not bor n with FAS, there is a better then 50% chance that the child will have many Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) from maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy (Berhow 364). Each infant that is born with FAS is a large financial burden. The institutional and medical costs for one child with FAS is an average of over a million dollars during the childs lifetime. Whatever the mother drinks while she is pregnant, the child inside her is drinking. If the mother gets drunk from consuming to much alcohol so will her child. A mothers high risk behavior during pregnancy effects the child more then it might effect her. But FAS is a syndrome that is 100% preventable. The only way to prevent FAS is for a pregnant woman to abstain from drinking alcohol during her entire pregnancy. We will write a custom essay on What can happen to a fetus when a pregnant women d specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now In a broad sense FAS may be viewed as a repercussion of an external environmental influence on the internal physiological environment of the developing fetus (Caleekal). What a mother does to herself externally has an immediate impact on the fetus which lies inside her. If a pregnant woman drinks wine, beer, or any liquor when she is pregnant, her baby could develop FAS, its that simple. The disabilities which stem from FAS will last a lifetime. No amount of alcohol has been proven safe to consume during pregnancy. Heavy drinking on a consistent basis or binge drinking on an occasional basis can produce FAS. A combination of factors determines whether the exposed child will be afflicted with FAS. FAS is not necessarily the result of only full-blown alcoholism but rather it can result from drinking any amount of alcohol in excess of the level to detoxify it thus placing the fetus at risk (Caleekal). A mothers nutritional status and physical well-being might also play roles of varying significance in determining whether an infant is affected, and to what degree, by the prenatal exposure to alcohol (Berhow 364). The most common effects seen is an increase in miscarriages. Babies can also be born at a low birth weight, birth length, and with a small heads resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure. There are many different factors that can produce birth defects from FAS. Agent (alcohol, crack, heroin) Dosage (how much is used), Timing of Exposure (when is it used?), individual factors of mother and child, genetic factors, nutritional factors, metabolic factors are what birth defects are dependent on (Berhow 364). FAS is characterized by three symptoms which affect different areas. The three areas affected are; prenatal and/or postnatal growth retardation, Central Nervous System (CNS) and head and facial abnormalities (Wynbrandt 208). With prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, infants are born weighing less the average newborn and are shorter in length. The central nervous system is composed of the brain and spinal cord. The nervous system develops in the first 8 weeks of child birth, making the most damaging effects result in this period. Damage to this area is displayed through mental retardation and severe learning disabilities. Head and facial abnormalities, facial deformities such as a thin upper lip, absence of a groove between the nose and upper lip and small eye openings. The teeth of individuals with FAS are often

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Philippine Airline Industry and the Environment Essays

Philippine Airline Industry and the Environment Essays Philippine Airline Industry and the Environment Essay Philippine Airline Industry and the Environment Essay Environmental management in the Philippines over these past few years has focused on regulating production industries, such as manufacturing and mining. However, there has been an increasing interest in the environmental effects of the service industry (Goedkoop, van Halen, te Riele, Rommens, 1998). And this industry comprises a variety of activities, from restaurants to hospitals to financial institutions. The service industry merits its attention because of its large size and consequently the potential for environmental impacts (both negative and positive). And one of the service industries that will be discussed in this paper is the Airline Industry. According to the International Civil Aviation Organization and the Air Transport Bureau, the aviation industry impacts the environment in a way that aircraft engines emit noise pollution, gases and particulate emissions. It also contributes to climate change and global dimming. The toxic emissions produced by airports and aircraft are chiefly six pollutants: nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, ground-level ozone, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, and sulphur dioxide (Whitelegg and Williams, 2000). These emissions have a definitive impact on the already growing problem of global warming as well as being very deadly to people exposed to them. In this study, the researchers will have to identify the positive and the negative environmental impacts that can be found in the airline industry in the local and global aspect and how could the industry minimize these negative impacts. This paper is significant because the airline industry gives a positive economic impact to the community. Business travelers are important to airlines because they are more likely to travel several times throughout the year and they tend to purchase the upgraded services that have higher margins for the airline. Airlines have also made significant progress in addressing climate change and are continuing to do so while being driven to be fuel efficient. According to the IATA, the airline industry has already improved fuel efficiency by 70% over the last four decades and new, more fuel efficient aircraft on order will replace aging, gas guzzling jets and increase fuel efficiency again by 25%. According to the report of the British Airline Pilots’ Association (BALPA), the airline industry is believed to be a â€Å"dirty† industry; that it is wasteful of resources and is responsible for the major threat of ozone depletion by the generation of greenhouse gases. But aviation, like all forms of transport, does pollute but its impact on the environment is exaggerated and the solutions put forward don’t address the environmental impact. Thus the attempt to penalize the industry and its flying public is misguided. The most damaging effect of aviation, in terms of its pollution of the upper atmosphere is best dealt with by emissions trading. This study focuses on adopting a global perspective of the Airline Industry because air transport itself operates globally and its impacts on the atmosphere, particularly those that could result in climate change, will have worldwide consequences and the Airline Industry’s contribution to the local and global environmental conservation.

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Propaganda Maps

Propaganda Maps All maps are designed with a purpose; whether to aid in navigation, accompany a news article, or display data. Some maps, however, are designed to be particularly persuasive. Like other forms of propaganda, cartographic propaganda attempts to mobilize viewers for a purpose. Geopolitical maps are the most explicit examples of cartographic propaganda, and throughout history have been utilized to garner support for various causes. Propaganda Maps in Global Conflicts This map from the film depicts the Axis powers plan to conquer the world. In maps such as the aforementioned propaganda map, authors express specific feelings on a topic, creating maps that are meant not just to describe information, but also to interpret it. These maps are often not made with the same scientific or design procedures as other maps; labels, precise outlines of bodies of land and water, legends, and other formal map elements may be disregarded in favor of a map that speaks for itself. As the above image shows, these maps favor graphic symbols that are embedded with meaning. Propaganda maps gained momentum under Nazism and Fascism, as well. There are many examples of Nazi propaganda maps that were intended to glorify Germany, justify territorial expansion, and decrease support for the U.S., France, and Britain (see examples of Nazi propaganda maps at the German Propaganda Archive). During the Cold War, maps were produced in order to magnify the threat of the Soviet Union and communism. A recurrent trait in propaganda maps is the ability to portray certain regions as big and menacing, and other regions as small and threatened. Many Cold War maps enhanced the size of the Soviet Union, which magnified the threat of communisms influence. This occurred in a map titled Communist Contagion, which was published in a 1946 edition of Time Magazine. By coloring the Soviet Union in bright red, the map further enhanced the message that communism was spreading like a disease. Mapmakers utilized misleading map projections to their advantage in the Cold War as well. The Mercator Projection, which distorts land areas, exaggerated the size of the Soviet Union. (This map projection website shows different projections and their effect on the portrayal of the USSR and its allies). Propaganda Maps Today choropleth map maps The maps on this site show how political maps can mislead today. One map shows the results of the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election, with blue or red indicating if a state voted majority for the Democratic candidate, Barack Obama, or the Republican candidate, John McCain. From this map there appears to be more red then blue, indicating that the popular vote went Republican. However, the Democrats decidedly won the popular vote and the election, because the population sizes of the blue states are much higher than those of the red states. To correct for this data issue, Mark Newman at the University of Michigan created a Cartogram; a map that scales the state size to its population size. While not preserving the actual size of each state, the map shows a more accurate blue-red ratio, and better portrays the 2008 election results. Propaganda maps have been prevalent in the 20th century in global conflicts when one side wants to mobilize support for its cause. It is not only in conflicts that political bodies utilize persuasive mapmaking however; there are many other situations in which it benefits a country to portray another country or region in a particular light. For example, it has benefited colonial powers to use maps to legitimize territorial conquest and social/economic imperialism. Maps are also powerful tools to garner nationalism in ones own country by graphically portraying a countrys values and ideals. Ultimately, these examples tell us that maps are not neutral images; they can be dynamic and persuasive, used for political gain. References: Boria, E. (2008). Geopolitical Maps: A Sketch History of a Neglected Trend in Cartography. Geopolitics, 13(2), 278-308. Monmonier, Mark. (1991). How to Lie with Maps. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Nursing Care Plan. Risk for Secondary Infection Essay

Nursing Care Plan. Risk for Secondary Infection - Essay Example This has been attributed to the added effects of aging and medications. The client’s nutrition status is below the normal level, compared with his healthy physique when the signs and symptoms of HIV infection and epileptic occurrences had not manifested yet. His serum cholesterol is higher than the normal boundary. No respiratory conditions can be traced from his recent medical check- up. Risk for secondary infection Assessment The patient was lying on his bed, conscious and coherent. However, he was not oriented to time, place, and person. Wounds and excoriations were noted on his lower extremities. No breathing difficulties noted upon examination. Nutrition status was noted below the normal level. Increased cholesterol level was appreciated on laboratory results. His vital signs were recorded as: Temperature: 37.4 ?C, Respiratory rate: 24 cpm, Pulse rate: 92 bpm, Blood Pressure: 130/ 110 mmHg. Nursing Diagnosis Risk for secondary infection related to compromised immune syste m secondary to HIV infection Planning Within this shift, the patient will not be able to develop infection, and would learn ways to prevent it. Intervention and rationale Assess the patient for signs of infection including fever, chills, and diaphoresis; cough; shortness of breath; oral pain or painful swallowing; creamy-white patches in oral cavity; urinary frequency, urgency, or dysuria; redness, swelling, or drainage from wounds; vesicular lesions on face, lips, or perianal area. Any sign of delayed wound healing may give clues that the patient is currently having an infectious process (Black & Hawks, 2005). Assess the patient’s cognition and mental status. In the elderly population, the signs of infection may appear initially as changes in the mental status and consciousness (Burke & Laramie, 2004). Teach patient or caregiver about need to report possible infection. Prompt reporting of infection increases the chances of faster recovery (Smeltzer & Bare, 2006). Do not allo w any fresh flowers in the patient’s room. Fresh flowers carry microorganisms that could cause harm to the immune- compromised people (Burke & Laramie, 2004). Do not allow the patient to eat raw foods, including fruits and vegetables. Raw foods contain considerably increased number of microorganisms that could potentially cause another infection (Smeltzer & Bare, 2006). Monitor for medication interactions, infections, electrolyte imbalance, and depression. Elderly patients may have other pathological conditions that could necessarily affect hydration status and predispose other medication side- effects (Black & Hawks, 2005). Encourage independence but assist if the patient cannot perform an activity. While it can be necessary to assist the patient in completing activities most of the time, providing opportunities of independence could increase his sense of well- being (Smeltzer & Bare, 2006). Monitor food and fluid intake. Nutrition status generally affects the rate of wound healing and recovery from infection (Black & Hawks, 2005). Teach the patient about the importance of hand-washing and appropriate hygienic practices. These activities prevent the incidence of infection (Smeltzer & Bare, 2006). Evaluation At the end of the shift, the client did not develop any signs of secondary infection. In addition, the patient learned of the importance of hand- washing, hygienic practices, eating the right kinds of food, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.